What Was The Purpose Of STS 61?

What was the purpose of STS 61? The primary task of the EVA was to replace HST's High Speed Photometer (HSP) with the Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR) system which would correct HST's spherical aberration of the main mirror for all instruments except the WFPC2 camera, which had its own built-in corrective optics.

What did STS stand for?

The “STS” in STS-41B still stood for Space Transportation System, as it always had, but the numbers took on new meaning. The first number, in this case “4”, represented the fiscal year in which the Shuttle launched; in this case, 1984.

What did STS 135 do?

STS-135 delivered supplies and equipment to provision the space station through 2012, following the end of NASA's Space Shuttle program.

What was the largest space shuttle crew?

STS-61-A was the ninth and last successful flight of Space Shuttle Challenger. STS-61-A holds the current record for the largest crew - eight people - aboard any single spacecraft for the entire period from launch to landing.

How far above Earth is Hubble?

Hubble's low-Earth orbit also kept it within a safe and accessible range for astronauts, who used the space shuttle to visit the telescope repeatedly over the years to repair and upgrade its components. Hubble is currently located 340 miles (547 km) above Earth's surface.

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How long does it take the shuttle Endeavour to catch Hubble?

Brandon from Orlando: How long does it take to get the shuttle into space? It takes the shuttle approximately 8-1/2 minutes to get to orbit.

Why NASA retired space shuttle?

All of these factors — high costs, slow turnaround, few customers, and a vehicle (and agency) that had major safety problems — combined to make the Bush administration realize it was time for the Space Shuttle Program to retire.

Is NASA building a new shuttle?

NASA's Orion spacecraft is built to take humans farther than they've ever gone before. Orion will serve as the exploration vehicle that will carry the crew to space, provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew during the space travel, and provide safe re-entry from deep space return velocities.

Is NASA still a thing?

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA /ˈnæsə/) is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research.

Who ended NASA shuttle program?

Farewell ISS. Make us proud." On July 21, the shuttle fired its orbital maneuvering engines to drop out of orbit and begin the descent back to Earth. Ferguson brought Atlantis to a smooth night landing at KSC, ending the 12-day 18-hour 28-minute STS-135 mission and closing out the 30-year space shuttle program.

When was the last time NASA launched a rocket?

It's been 10 years since NASA's space shuttle Atlantis ended an era. NASA's final space shuttle mission, which launched 10 years ago this week, almost didn't happen. The mission on space shuttle Atlantis, called STS-135, launched on July 8, 2011.

What is the most people that have been on the ISS?

The record for the largest population on the ISS was set in 2009, when there were 13 people on board. The last time there were nine people on board was in 2015, during NASA astronaut Scott Kelly's "Year in Space" mission.

What is the most people that have been on the ISS at one time?

On March 14, 1995, a record number of thirteen people were in space at one time. Seven of them were Americans that were on the STS 67 Endeavour, three cosmonauts were on the Mir space station, and an astronaut from the United States, along with two cosmonauts, were aboard Soyuz TM21.

Is the Hubble telescope still operational?

July 17, 2021 - NASA Returns Hubble Space Telescope to Science Operations. NASA has returned the science instruments on the Hubble Space Telescope to operational status, and the collection of science data will now resume.

How long does it take to leave Earth?

Space is at the end of Earth's atmosphere, about 62 miles upwards. This is called the Karman Line and means you've gone past the Thermosphere and are now into the Exosphere. NASA launch director Mike Leinbach said: “It takes the shuttle approximately 8-1/2 minutes to get to orbit.

Can Orion go to Mars?

Orion Spacecraft: Taking Astronauts Beyond Earth Orbit. Similar in shape to the Apollo spacecraft, Orion is designed to carry up to six astronauts to destinations such as the moon or Mars.

What happened to von Braun?

Von Braun died prematurely of cancer at age 65 in 1977 and thus missed the storm that broke out seven years later. One of his closest associates, Arthur Rudolph, voluntarily went back to Germany in 1984 rather than contest a denaturalization hearing over his role as production manager in the underground plant.

How many rockets have gone to space?

Since the dawn of the Space Age, some 5,038 rockets have been launched, mainly by six countries: Russia, United States, Europe, China, Japan, and India. There are 47 families of launchers, 26 of which have flown at least ten times.

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