How do you use et al example? The most common way you'll see et al. used in academic papers is in references, both for in-text citations and in the reference list. For example, you might see the phrase, "Horowitz et al. (2012) published ground-breaking research," which means that Horowitz and others published the research.
Is et al professional?
Et al. means “and others”, and abbreviates people in a list, while etc. can be used to abbreviate almost anything. A period is always used after et al., since the term is used to abbreviate the Latin term “et alii.” There are several rules, however, both formal and informal, that are required for proper usage of et al.
When Must et al be used?
Using et al.
In MLA style, always use “et al.” for sources with three or more authors. This applies both to in-text citations and in the Works Cited list.
Why do people use et al?
One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.” It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.
How do you write et al correctly?
Related faq for How Do You Use Et Al Example?
How do you write et al?
List only the first author's name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only "al" should be followed by a period.
Does et al only apply to people?
should only be used to describe people. However, it is used (albeit infrequently) in reference to other things as well. Et al. is most commonly found in scholarly writing, especially when used to avoid having to list a number of different authors in a bibliography or footnote.
How do you use et al in MLA?
in MLA style. The format to write et al. is always the same: et al. Use lowercase letters with no punctuation after et and a period after al.
Should et al have a full stop?
Et al. is a shortened form of the Latin expression et alii meaning 'and others'. This is abbreviated to et al. (with a full stop at the end) and it is used in a citation when you have three authors or more. When using the authors name in your writing you should include the full stop after et al.
Do you use a period after et al?
Because et al. is short for et alii (Latin for “and others”), the second word is actually an abbreviation and as such takes a period.
Do I need a comma after et al?
Remember that there is no comma between the surname and "et al.," and the period goes only after the "al." The English translation of "et al." is "and others."
How do you use et al at the end of a sentence?
The abbreviation "et al." deserves a period, and the end of the sentence deserves a period; as long as there's something between those two periods, I'd use them both.
Is it rude to use et al?
Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don't fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.
Does et al need to be italicized Harvard?
To use “et al.” in your references, state the name of the first listed author and follow it by “et al.” in italics in the author section of the citation.
How do you say et al in a presentation?
Academia has a close question: 'et al' in presentation speech, and the remarks there suggest 'and others', 'and coauthors', and the accepted answer suggests 'and his/her group/coauthors/colleagues'. You could say: "Sir William Brown and (his) coauthors'. However, you can just say "Sir William Brown et al."
How do you use et al in-text Harvard referencing?
5.3 Citing four or more authors
' should be used after the first author's name. It is also acceptable to use 'et al. ' after the first author if the work has three authors.
How do you cite et al in text MLA?
When mentioning the authors in the text, give all of the authors' names or list the first author and write "and others". For the parenthetical citation and Works Cited citation, give the first author's name followed by et al.
How do you write thesis in et al?
Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author's last name followed by "et al." in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.
Is there a comma before et al Bluebook?
General Rules for Author Names
More than Two Authors - Either use the first author's name followed by "et al." or list all of the names. Individual on Behalf of Institution - Use the individual's name and then the institution's name, separated by a comma.
Where is et al used?
The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Here's how it works: Only include the first author's last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).
Can et al be used in a sentence?
Et al. is defined as an abbreviation for the Latin phrase et alia which means "and others." An example of et. al. used as an abbreviation is in the sentence, "The article was written by Smith, Jones, Paul, et al." which means that Smith, Jones, Paul and others wrote the article.