Do you space between hyphens? When typing, use two hyphens together without spaces to form a dash. Do not put a space before or after the dash. Some word-processing programs have a mark called an em-dash (longer than a hyphen), which can be used with no space before or after it.
How do you space out a dash?
Spaces with the em dash
The em dash is typically used without spaces on either side, and that is the style used in this guide. Most newspapers, however, set the em dash off with a single space on each side. Most newspapers — and all that follow AP style — insert a space before and after the em dash.
How do you use a hyphen correctly?
Is there space before and after em dash?
The em dash can function like a comma, a colon, or parenthesis. Spacing around an em dash varies. Most newspapers insert a space before and after the dash, and many popular magazines do the same, but most books and journals omit spacing, closing whatever comes before and after the em dash right up next to it.
Do you put spaces around em dashes APA?
There are two types of dashes in APA style: en dashes and em dashes. For both en dashes and em dashes, do not put any spaces before or after the dashes.
Related guide for Do You Space Between Hyphens?
Is an en dash a hyphen?
An en dash is a mid-sized dash (longer than a hyphen but shorter than an em dash) that is mostly used to show ranges in numbers and dates. The en dash derives its name from the fact that it is meant to be the same width as the letter N. To type an en dash on your Mac, type Option+Minus (-).
Are hyphen and dash the same thing?
They might all look like lines on a page, but hyphens and dashes serve different purposes. To begin, a hyphen (-) is shorter than a dash (–). Hyphens join words together and dashes indicate range.
Is an em dash a hyphen?
Whether or not you use spaces around your em dashes (word—word or word — word) is a matter of style. Remember, em dashes are not interchangeable with hyphens. Using a single hyphen instead of an em dash can confuse readers and make your writing look unprofessional.
What is a hyphen example?
The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. Son-in-law is an example of a hyphenated word.
How do you hyphenate two sentences?
Using the En Dash to Denote a Connection
The en dash may also be used to indicate a connection between two words. Use an en dash when you need to connect terms that are already hyphenated or when you are using a two-word phrase as a modifier. When the dash is used in this way, it creates a compound adjective.
What is an example of a hyphenated word?
Note that hyphenated compound words are most commonly used when the words being joined together are combined to form an adjective before a noun. For example: forty-acre farm. full-time worker.
How do you use a hyphen en dash and em dash?
Do you put a space after a dash MLA?
In the MLA Handbook, we show no space before and after dashes because that's the standard format used by publishers in the United States. Typing spaces before and after dashes is a way to avoid this.
Do you capitalize after an em dash?
A dash doesn't require any extra thought regarding capitalization. You treat the first word after a dash the same way you'd treat it if it followed a comma.
How do you use a hyphen in APA?
For example, if a compound adjective appears before a noun, use a hyphen (e.g., decision-making behavior, high-anxiety group). However, if the compound adjective appears after the noun, a hyphen is usually unnecessary (e.g., behavior related to decision making, group with high anxiety).
Can you use dashes in APA 7?
Use an en dash, not a hyphen, for page ranges, e.g. 21–27. An en dash (–) is wider than a hyphen (-). Do not insert a space before or after the en dash. If your keyboard will not produce an en dash, it is acceptable to use a hyphen instead.
What is a ifen?
IFEN. In-Flight Entertainment Network.
How do you make an N dash on a Mac?
For Mac: press “option+hyphen key”. Word will automatically convert it to an en-dash. On some Mac keyboards, the option key is called “alt”.
Should I use a colon or a dash?
Although they also have other uses, dashes and colons can both be used to introduce the next part of a sentence, and the difference between the two marks is subtle. A dash is a stronger and more informal mark than a colon. Think of a colon as part of the sentence that just ambles along.
Is Top 5 hyphenated?
Hyphenate when top five is used as a compound modifier. Otherwise, no hyphen. Example: The University of Florida is a top-five public university.
How do I know when to use a dash or a?
How do I type an em dash in Windows?
To make an em dash, press and hold Alt, then type 0151.
How do you use a colon in a sentence?
To join sentences.
You can use a colon to connect two sentences when the second sentence summarizes, sharpens, or explains the first. Both sentences should be complete, and their content should be very closely related.
How do I type an en dash in Windows?
Insert an Em or En dash using shortcut keys
To create an Em dash, use the shortcut key combination Ctrl + Alt + - . To create an En dash, use the shortcut key combination Ctrl + - . Num Lock must be enabled and you need to use the minus key on the numeric keypad.
What are the four hyphen rules?
What is a hyphen look like?
Alternatively known as a dash, subtract, negative, or minus sign, the hyphen ( - ) is a punctuation mark on the underscore key next to the "0" key on US keyboards. Pictured is an example of the hyphen and underscore key on top of the keyboard. Keyboard help and support.
What is a hyphenated sentence?
Hyphens serve to remove confusion from sentences, and to combine multiple words to form a single meaning. For instance, in the sentence, “Lord Emsworth belonged to the people-like-to-be-left-alone-to-amuse-themselves-when-they-come-to-a-place school of hosts.” (Something Fresh by P.G.
Where do you hyphenate words?
Generally, you need the hyphen only if the two words are functioning together as an adjective before the noun they're describing. If the noun comes first, leave the hyphen out. This wall is load bearing. It's impossible to eat this cake because it is rock hard.
Can a dash replace a colon?
Use an em dash sparingly in formal writing. In informal writing, em dashes may replace commas, semicolons, colons, and parentheses to indicate added emphasis, an interruption, or an abrupt change of thought. Examples: Remember, a colon would be used here in formal writing.
Why are some words hyphenated?
Hyphens are used in many compound words to show that the component words have a combined meaning (e.g. a pick-me-up, mother-in-law, good-hearted) or that there is a relationship between the words that make up the compound: for example, rock-forming minerals are minerals that form rocks.
Can you hyphenate three words?
Trigrams are sets of three words that are hyphenated. When you use three words together as a single thought describing or modifying a noun and you put them before the noun, you should hyphenate them: It was a matter-of-fact decision.
Are hyphenated words one word or two?
So, once compound words are closed or hyphenated, they are counted as one word. If the compound word is open, e.g., "post office," it is counted as two words.
Is easy to use hyphenated?
The way to solve the word placement competition is to treat the phrase "easy to use" as a single word. The hyphens join the more tightly bound phrase. As a result, the "I'm modifying the very next word" expectation of the prepositive "easy-to-use" is easy to fulfill.
How do you use a dash and hyphen in a sentence?
The dash is often used after an independent clause. The hyphen, on the other hand, is used to join two words together like yellow-green. It usually does not have a space between the words. Also, the dash tends to be slightly longer than the hyphen, and usually would have spaces before and after the symbol.
Can you use a hyphen instead of a commas?
Use Dashes in Place of a Comma
Em dashes can be used in pairs to replace commas when writing a parenthetical or interruptive phrase. The dashes have a slightly more emphatic feel, making the reader focus on this information that is set inside the special marks.